Over one billion people worldwide have no access to safe drinking water, and almost half the world's population lack adequate sanitation. According to the World Health Organisation, around 80% of all sickness and disease in the world is caused by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene. In India alone, some 600,000 children under five die from diarrhoeal diseases every year.
Inadequate access to clean water and sanitation not only has an adverse effect on people's health, but also on their ability to earn a living or educate the children. Many women and children around the planet spend a large portion of their time in seeking clean water. Often they have to walk miles, only to find that the water is contaminated. This is an exhausting task, which takes up valuable time and energy, prevents women from carrying out other vital work, and negatively impacts on school enrolment rates.
Research carried out by various bodies, reveal that women in Africa and Asia, on average, have to walk 6km a day just to get water.
Orphans in Need aims to provide water pumps in vulnerable areas where there is an acute need for these basic necessities. The water pumps are installed where the local communities currently have to walk more than 3-4 kilometres for their clean water. Orphans in Need also run Infrastructure Reconstruction and Repair programmes, in places where some provision for water is there, but underinvestment or war has led to a dilapidated system.
Alongside the provision of clean water, Orphans in Need works with the local communities to educate them on the link between safe water,sanitation, diseases and unsafe hygiene practices. This is especially important where people are ignorant about water borne diseases and safe hygiene methods.